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The barque Mount Vernon, built in Kennebunkport, 1848
A transcription of ship's papers for 1862 / 3

With coals from Cardiff to Havana - deaths, desertions and detainment.

A note by Professor Chris Evans of the University of South Wales seems to imply that
the cargo was destined to fire the boilers of American Confederate blockade runners.

 

Mount Vernon - Built 1848, Kennebunkport. Official number: 29747. Port of registry: Cardiff.  Registered tonnage: 636 (in another American register entry, 567 tons). Managing owner: George Newell, Cardiff (shipping register entries have Newell but I believe this should be George Noel, the name which appears on the ship's papers and which was borne by a known Cardiff shipping agent of the time).  Masters: John Richards, St. Ives and Stephen Sawle, of Falmouth and Cardiff. The barque is listed in the American Lloyds Register of Shipping until 1871.

Stephen Sawle, who became captain of the ship on the death of John Richards, was my ancestor. The American Lloyds Register of Shipping shows him remaining as captain until 1869. He died in 1870, but is listed as master again in 1871! Stephen died of fever in Taganrog, a Russian port which appears as a fever hotspot in the memoirs of several 19th century travellers. They mention Crimea fever, malaria, typhoid and bilious fevers. When the emperor Alexander I died at Taganrog in 1825 "marsh fever" was implicated. Modern scientific publications refer to outbreaks of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Taganrog.

I have tried to transcribe the hand-written entries correctly but there will be a few amendments over time. I have added occasional notes in blue.


ACCOUNT OF CREW OF FOREIGN GOING SHIP, TO BE DELIVERED AT THE
END OF THE VOYAGE TO THE SHIPPING MASTER AT THE ABOVE PORT.
(JW5)

First Port of Departure: Cardiff, Feb. 7 1862. Final port of Destination in the United Kingdom: Tralee, April 20 1863.

Name Age Where born Place of leaving ship Cause
John Richards, captain 46 St. Ives Havanna Died
Stephen Sawle, mate 47 Falmouth Remains  
Ch. Rochester 25 St. Ives New York Deserted
Jn. Hammond 33 Jersey Havanna Died
Edward Vine 26 Bristol Tralee Discharged
John Brown 22 Sweden Havanna Died
Charles Brown 23 Sweden Havanna Died
Edward Sawle 21 Falmouth New York Deserted
Manuel Antilla 34 Sweden New York Deserted
Peter Henrickson 24 Finland Marseilles Discharged
William Jones 27 Stettin Havanna Died
I. S. Smith 28 Stettin New York Deserted
Charles Peters 25 Stettin New York Deserted
Henry Bishop 17 Cardiff New York Deserted
I? Matson 18 Finland Marseilles Discharged
H? Jackson 18 Finland Marseilles Discharged
J? Peterson 24 Sweden New York Deserted
E. Anilla 34 Sweden New York Deserted
James Napier 30 Montrose New York Deserted
James Kenney ? 22 Cork New York Deserted
Daniel? Errington 27 Preston New York Deserted
William Norman 18 Sussex New York Deserted
Gerard Lucien 17 New York New York Deserted
William Westcott 30 B Water (Bridgewater?) New York Deserted
J? Peterson 24 Sweden New York Deserted
J? Rainold 23 Italy New York Deserted
J? Rodriguez 20 Portugal New York Deserted
J? Fort? 22 Austria New York Deserted
Thomas Wilson 27 New York New York Deserted
J? Ferlane? 28 New York    
J? Pennington 26 New York    
Thomas Grader? 19 New York    
George Scott 24 New York Tralee Discharged
Joseph McCann 48 New York Tralee Discharged
T. Page, apprentice 19 Devon    
         
Cuba and the yellow fever. Yellow fever had been endemic in Havana since at least 1762 and the British occupation. The mosquito borne virus is said to have arrived in the Caribbean via slave ships from Africa. (See Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930 By Mariola Espinosa)
         
         

 

Agreement and Account of Crew. Cardiff, June 4, 1863 (JW01/02)

Name Age
Where born
   

Stephen Sawle (captain)
Joseph Searl
J. H. Babcock
Benjamin Howells
August Fredrickson
J. E. Forsberg
A. Boustian
L. Miekleson?
Peter Johnson
Peter James
Thomas Paige or Page (apprentice)
Richard Forrest?
J? Kennelly?
Denis Murphy
Stephen Sawle
(I believe this was the captain's son)
48
27
23
22
27
34
22
22
24
32
18
18
17
21
14
Falmouth
Fowey
U. States
Salford
Norway
Sweden
Prussia?
"
"
Trieste
Waterford?
Queenstown?
?
Queenstown?
Falmouth
   

 


British Consulate, Barcelona. Vessel arrived: 20th July, 1863.  Vessel cleared: 14th August. (JW3)


 

 
OFFICIAL LOG BOOK
FOR EITHER FOREIGN GOING OR HOME TRADE SHIP.
(This is incomplete. I have pages from 9 to 13 and 15 to 17. I have reproduced them in page number order although this is at variance with the dates entered on some of the pages.)

Mount Vernon, Official Number - 29.747, Port of Registry - Cardiff, Registered Tonnage - 635, Name of Master - John Richards.
Date of Commencement of the Voyage - 13th February 1862. Nature of the Voyage or Employment - Cargo of Coals to the Havanah (sic).
Delivered to the Shipping Master of the Port of Tralee - 12th May 1863.


PAGE 9
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
5th June Thursday
at 4 pm
Havanah John Brown went into hospital
17th June 1862. Stephen Sawle, Master.
 
20th June Havanah John Brown died at hospital at the Havanah of Fever. S.S.  
  Havanah Charles Brown went to hospital 14th June 1862. S.S.  
14th June Havanah Charles Brown died at hospital at the Havanah of fever. Signed:
Stephen Sawle, Master
Ch. Rochester, Mate
E. Sawle.
 
    John Brown's effects and wages:
Shipped 11th Feb. '62, Died 20th June. 4 month 10 days at 2.10 per month 10.16.8 (UK pounds, shillings and pence)
 
    Cash Capt. Richards 4.16.9
Tobacco 4.1
Burial Expenses 5.3.4
 
    Effects at Sale. Henderson  1 jacket 2 flannels, handkerchief, bag, oilskins, 1.10.4  
    Several more entries for the on-board sale of effects . The final balance due to the sailor's family, after a deduction for lodgings at Cardiff, was 1.5.10p.  
       

PAGE 10
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
    Summary.  
    Charles Brown, died 14th June, Havanah. Wages plus auction of effects - less money advanced and burial fees: 0.1.2p.  

 PAGE 11
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
25th June 1862 Hospital, Havanah John Hammond died in hospital at the Havanah, 25th June 1862, of the Yellow Fever and Black Vomit.  
    John Hammond went into hospital on the 18th of June 1862. Signed: Stephen Sawle, Master. Ch. Rochester, Mate and E. Sawle.
       
    The auction of John Hammond's effects raised 9.10.5p. "Manuel Henderson" paid 4.14.0p for 4 handkerchiefs, one chest and tools. Hammond had been the ship's carpenter. The balance due to his estate was 22. "Manuel Henderson" looks like a name error, on page 12 Manuel Antilla is listed as ship's carpenter.   


PAGE 12
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
Monday 12th Jan? '63 New York, Deserted Edward Sawle deserted, native of Cornwall, with William Westcott? Bristol.  
Wednesday 7th Jan. '63 4 men deserted ship.    
Thursday 8th. '63 2 men deserted and one other. Henry Bishop, James Kenney,  
    Charles Grana? Seaman.
Charles G. Glenhoff, Seaman.
William Smith, Seaman.
Charles Petersen, Seaman.
 
       
4 p.m.
Saturday 24th Jan. '63
New York Police came on bord (sic) and took from the ship 5 men for a charge of embezzling cargo, taken before the Magistrates and remanded for another hearing when they were detained in jail for some time but on their being liberated they did not return to the ship but left their effects, and after applying to H. M. Consulate was directed to put them down as deserters from ship Mount Vernon.   
       
Deserted
Deserted
  Charles Rochester, Mate
Charles Peterson, Boatswain
 
Deserted
Deserted
  Manuel Antilla, Carpenter
John Smith, Seaman
 
Deserted   John Peterson, Seaman  
       
13th February '63 New York Edward Vine, steward, whilst cleaning Manuel Antilla berth found concealed therein 4 bottles of Oil, Wool about 15 lb. which the carpenter could only have put there it being part of the cargo stolen from the ship.
Witness to the said:
Stephen Sawle, Edward Vine.
 
       

PAGE 13
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
6th April 1863
7.30 AM
Queenstown Crew in forecastle, 8 men after ***** ship refused to resume their duty and left the deck, returning to the forecastle where they remained until noon.   
       
    John Blien
George Scott
John Steven
John Mc Cl***
Joseph Helme
James Fowler
Thomas Graade?
William Hill?
 
       
    Also telling me they should go as passengers if I attempted to take them to sea in the Ship.  
       
    Signed, Stephen Sawle, Master
Chas. Saul? Mate.
 
       
6th April Queenstown After applying to a magistrate said magistrate gave me an order for the police to take said men before him when they were remanded until the 7th and kept in jail.
     
7th April 1863 Queenstown Crew appeared before the magistrate when they were sentenced to 8 weeks imprisonment with Hard Labour with the privilege? of taking them to sea in the ship when I had rec. the Ship's orders.
     
12th April   Rec. an order for taking the said eight men out of jail to proceed in the Ship towards Tralee where arrived on 19th.  

 

PAGE 15
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act of Parliament. Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
New York, Jan 17th 1863, 3 P.M.   Found Manuel Antilla absent from his work and requested him to proceed with the same, but he has refused to do so having not done 2 days work through the week, pleading sick and I have also wished to go to the hospital but he says he will not go and will do as he pleases.   
   
  Nothing to say
   
Stephn. Sawle, Edward Vine.
 


PAGE 16
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
June 18th, 1862 Havanah William Jones went to hospital
18th June, 1862
June 25th, 1862 Havanah William Jones died
June 25th, 1862
    This seaman had but few effects which
sent to hospital with him
   
Stephen Sawle, Master
Ch. Rochester, Mate
E. Sawle
 
       
    After deductions for advances and burial expenses 1.13.4p was due to the estate.  
       

PAGE 17
Date of the
Occurrence.
Place of the
Occurrence.
Entries required by Act
of Parliament.
Amount of any Fine or Forfeiture inflicted.
       
Charles Willes? laid up sick 20th July, died of fever 21st July 1862.  Lat. 28.43. North
Long. 73.53. West
This half way along a line drawn between Miami and Bermuda.
Charles Willes sick with fever.
     
July 21st 1862. ditto Charles Willes died.
From 14th July to the 21st July
8 days wages at 3.10.0 per month 0.18.8p ...

After sale of effects the estate was due 2.16.7p
   
Stephen Sawle, Master
Ch. Rochester, Mate
E. Sawle
 
       
       
       

 

John(at)data-wales.co.uk